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By Walter William Rouse Ball

For hundreds of years, Cambridge collage has attracted a number of the world's maximum mathematicians. This 1889 publication offers a compelling account of ways arithmetic built at Cambridge from the center a long time to the past due 19th century, from the point of view of a number one student established at Trinity university who used to be heavily excited by instructing the topic. The achievements of outstanding members together with Newton and his college are set within the context of the heritage of the collage, its occasionally uneasy dating with town neighborhood, the varsity procedure, and the beginning and progress of the mathematical tripos.

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The circle of proportion, 1632; second edition 1660. The double horizontal dial, 1636 ; second edition 1652. Sun-dials by geometry, 1647. The horological ring, 1653. Solution of all spherical triangles, 1657'. Trigonometry, 1657. , 1657. And lastly a posthumous work entitled Opuscula mathematica hactenus inedita, issued in 1677. J u s t as Briggs was the most famous English geometrician of that time, so to his contemporaries Oughtred was probably the most celebrated exponent of algorism. " Another mathematician of this time, who was almost as well known as Briggs and Oughtred, was Thomas Harriot who was born in 1560, and died on July 2, 1621.

Foster was succeeded in his chair at Gresham College by JEtooke. A. in 1643 from King's College. He lectured at Cambridge on Oughtred's Clavis for some time after his degree. Like Foster he took a leading part in the meetings of the indivisible college: being a man of considerable property he assisted the society in several ways, and in 1650 he moved to Oxford with 1 See the Lives of the professors of Gresham College by J. Ward, London, 1740. ROOKE. CULPEPPER. CLERKE. 39 most of the other members.

In 1578, and subsequently was elected to a fellowship. He was a noted astrologer, and threw the whole kingdom into a fever of anxiety by predicting the terrible events that would follow from the conjunction of Saturn and Jupiter, which it was known would occur on April 28, 1583. Of course nothing peculiar followed from the conjunction ; but Harvey's reputation as a prophet was destroyed, and he was held up to ridicule in the tripos verses of that or the following year and hissed in the streets of the university.

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