By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer
Sustainable improvement and international weather switch have figured prominently in clinical research and foreign policymaking because the early Nineties. This booklet formulates know-how techniques that may result in environmentally sustainable strength platforms, in response to an research of world weather swap matters utilizing the idea that of sustainable improvement. The authors concentrate on environmentally appropriate, long term know-how advancements in the international strength procedure, whereas additionally contemplating features of financial and social sustainability. The authors examine numerous replacement situations and illustrate the diversities among those who meet the factors for sustainable improvement and people who don't. because of their research, they establish various promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in keeping with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development situation and its coverage implications are then provided intimately from a expertise switch viewpoint. The authors suggest bold pursuits for know-how adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental pursuits. even supposing the optimum coverage combine to pursue those pursuits is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that ends up in know-how functionality advancements and the merchandising of expertise adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage recommendations so that it will yield the main major long term advantages. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, power economics, and expertise swap and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable e-book.
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Additional info for Achieving A Sustainable Global Energy System: Identifying Possibilities Using Long-Term Energy Scenarios (Esri Studies Series on the Environment)
Likewise, the IIASA scenarios presented in this book cover most of the ranges of carbon emissions and driving forces as they can be found in the SRES database. It is therefore not surprising that IIASA has developed scenarios in all three scenario groups defined in the previous section. We would also claim that, taken together, the IIASA scenarios are even representative of the three groups. For the presentation in this book, we selected altogether 34 scenarios that have been developed and published by the ECS Program at IIASA since Energy–economy–environment scenarios at IIASA-ECS 25 1998.
1996), as constraints on annual emissions. Using trajectories constrains carbon emissions in each time Energy–economy–environment scenarios at IIASA-ECS 31 period and thus eliminates the flexibility in time of emission mitigation, but appears to us as a reasonable simplification. As we shall illustrate below, our emission paths are very similar to the equivalent WRE paths. 3. Constraining emissions in MESSAGE without at the same time allowing for the deployment of additional technologies results in higher energy supply costs, which in turn are expected to lead to lower demands.
1. 2. 8 These scenarios were constrained to stabilize atmospheric CO2 concentrations at levels of 450, 550, 650 and 750 ppmv in 2100. 9 As MESSAGE variables do not include atmospheric CO2 concentration, the constraint-limiting concentration was implemented in the model as a weighted sum of cumulative CO2 emissions from 1990 to 2100. This approximates the eﬀects of the carbon cycle by using a time profile of CO2 absorption by a variety of sinks, most notably the oceans. , 1996), as constraints on annual emissions.