By John Krige
In 1945, the USA was once not just the most powerful monetary and army energy on the earth; it was once additionally the world's chief in technology and know-how. In American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of technology in Europe, John Krige describes the efforts of influential figures within the usa to version postwar clinical practices and associations in Western Europe on these in the US. They mobilized political and monetary help to advertise not only America's clinical and technological agendas in Western Europe yet its chilly conflict political and ideological agendas as well.Drawing at the paintings of diplomatic and cultural historians, Krige argues that this test at clinical dominance through the usa should be visible as a kind of "consensual hegemony," concerning the collaboration of influential neighborhood elites who shared American values. He makes use of this concept to research a sequence of case stories that describe how the united states management, senior officials within the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, the NATO technology Committee, and influential individuals of the medical establishment--notably Isidor I. Rabi of Columbia college and Vannevar Bush of MIT--tried to Americanize clinical practices in such fields as physics, molecular biology, and operations study. He info U.S. aid for associations together with CERN, the Niels Bohr Institute, the French CNRS and its laboratories at Gif close to Paris, and the never-established "European MIT." Krige's research indicates how consensual hegemony in technology not just served the pursuits of postwar ecu reconstruction yet turned otherwise of retaining American management and "making the realm secure for democracy."
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Extra info for American Hegemony and the Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)
To make matters worse, the technological gap between the two sides of the Atlantic was growing wider by the day. Immediately after the war the Italians were planning to establish a nuclear physics center furnished with two machines: a Betratron providing 20 MeV electrons, and a 30 MeV cyclotron that had been designed for the Science Hall at a Universal Exhibition scheduled for 1942 but never held. ” They “were losing ground at kilometres per second, and perhaps without any hope of ever catching up.
In other words, what follows is a summary of the information that was fed back to policymakers in the RDB about the state of affairs in these two countries and how they reacted to what they learned. My aim is to emphasize that the American project to rehabilitate science in Europe was not only about providing material resources, but also about building structures and changing attitudes and values among scientists in line with democratic values. It is a dimension of hegemony that I discuss in greater detail in the next chapter.
Military personnel in Europe, and for increased defense spending. He indicated that the United States would contribute to European security and that American troops would remain in Germany until peace was assured. In June the French National Assembly, by a tiny majority, accepted the establishment of a new West German government—de Gaulle’s supporters were unhappy about the concessions to Germany, while the French Communist Party decried subservience to an AngloAmerican agenda. It was an admission that France was no longer a major power, and that to influence policy in the future it had to make unpalatable decisions in the present.