By Jonathan Zeitlin, Gary Herrigel
This e-book develops a brand new and conceptually special research of Americanization in ecu and jap after the second one international conflict, in line with a wealthy set of sectoral and firm-based reports via a global crew of distinct students. The authors spotlight the self sufficient and inventive function of neighborhood actors in selectively adapting US know-how and administration how you can go well with neighborhood stipulations and, strikingly, in developing new hybrid kinds that mixed indigenous and overseas practices in unexpected and infrequently remarkably aggressive methods.
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Extra resources for Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-War Europe and Japan
A fourth opposition centres on the extent of institutional plasticity or path dependence in the receiving countries. For some writers in the catch-up and convergence tradition, the institutional environments of post-war Western Europe 23 Abramovitz, ‘Catch-up and Convergence’, 88, 96; cf. , Convergence of Productivity, 129–63, esp. 148. 14 INTRODUCTION and Japan were sufﬁciently plastic to permit extensive transfer of US techniques and management methods even under conditions of high context dependence and tight coupling among their constituent elements.
More elusive but no less signiﬁcant is the extent of domestic industrialists' faith in the competitive value of indigenous technological styles, organizational models, and innovative capabilities. 43 The intersection of these axes of variation shaped the relative strength of domestic commitment to and enthusiasm for emulation of the American model. Britain and Sweden on the one hand and France and Italy on the other could thus be located at opposite ends of an international spectrum of post-war responses to industrial Americanization.
21–3, Kinsaburo Sunaga, ‘American Technical Assistance Programs and the Productivity Movement in Japan’ (quotation, 38); and Satoshi Saito, ‘The Emergence of the Productivity Improvement Movement in Postwar Japan and Japanese Productivity Missions Overseas’, esp. 66–7. ). Cartels and Market Management in the Post-War World (London: London School of Economics: Business History Unit Occasional Paper 1997 , no. 1); Matthias Kipping, ‘Concurrence et competitivité. Les origines de la législation anti-trust française après 1945’, Études et Documents VI (1994), 419–55 .